Distributor:  Icarus Films
Length:  37 minutes
Date:  1969
Genre:  Expository
Language:  French / English subtitles
Grade level: 11-12, College, Adult
Color/BW:  Black and White
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Class of Struggle

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Workers at the Yema Watch Factory in Besancon depict their own labor struggles in this collective production initiated by Chris Marker.

Class of Struggle

In 1967, Chris Marker and Mario Marret (under the aegis of SLON) produced A BIENTOT J'ESPERE , which documented a strike and factory occupation-the first in France since 1936-by textile workers at the Rhodiaceta textile plant in Besancon, the goals of which prefigured many of the demands that would come to define May 1968.

Many of the Rhodiaceta workers who had collaborated with Marker and Marret on the film were unhappy with the final production. In response, Marker and other SLON filmmakers reorganized their efforts to begin training workers to collaboratively produce their own films under the name 'The Medvedkin Group', after the Russian filmmaker Marker would later memorialize in THE LAST BOLSHEVIK .

CLASS OF STRUGGLE is their first production. Picking up in Besancon a year after the events depicted in A BIENTOT J'ESPERE, the film focuses on agitation by workers at the Yema Watch Factory, particularly the efforts of one recently radicalized worker, Suzanne Zedet.

Zedet describes her political activity, and the punishments issued in response by the factory management. She also articulates the radical scope of her and her fellow workers' demands, which go beyond higher wages and better benefits, and reflect a desire to reorganize the country's economy and social order.

One of those demands is access to culture and to the tools of cultural production. The film itself is one attempt to meet this demand, and we see the workers editing and developing film under a banner that reads: 'Cinema is not magic; it is a technique and a science, a technique born from science and put in service of a will: the will of workers to liberate themselves.'

One of the most radical films produced in an era defined by radicalism, CLASS OF STRUGGLE reflects this will to liberation.

'One of the finest examples of the politically engaged French documentary cinema of the late Sixties. ' -Sam DiIorio, Film Comment

'Fluent, energetic, and wide-ranging!' -Catherine Lupton, Chris Marker: Memories of the Future

'One of the great films of May of 1968.' -Directory of World Cinema: France

'[The Medvedkin Group] would go on to make nearly a dozen films, some of them stunningly beautiful, most notably CLASS OF STRUGGLE.' -Min Lee, Film Comment


Main credits

Distributor credits

The Medvedkin Group

A film by The Medvedkin Group

Docuseek2 subjects

Vietnam Era
Citizenship, Social Movements and Activism
Business Ethics
Film History
Labor Studies

Distributor subjects

Business Ethics
Cinema Studies
Cultural Studies
Economic Sociology
Film History
French Culture
French History
History (World)
Labor Studies
Media Studies
Social Movements
Vietnam Era


Medvedkin Group; Groupe Medvedkine; Chris Marker; Pierre Lhomme; Rhodiaceta ; factory; strike; labor; occupation; Yema Watch Factory; Suzanne Zedet; collaborative; radical; May 1968; France; Besancon; ; "Class of Struggle"; Icarus Films

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