Distributor:  Icarus Films
Length:  39 minutes
Date:  2006
Genre:  Expository
Language:  Farsi / English subtitles
Grade level: 9-12, College, Adult
Color/BW:  Color
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Inside Out

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Transsexuals in Iran. Intimate conversations with doctors, religious authorities, and transsexuals about the mind/body conflict, Islamic interpretations, and the impact of sex-change treatments on their lives.

Inside Out

Maria is a middle-aged single woman with three children. Saman is a newly married young man. Arash is an eighteen-year-old high-school dropout. The one thing they have in common is that all three are transsexuals living in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

INSIDE OUT features intimate conversations with Maria (a male-to-female transsexual), Saman (female-to-male) and Arash (female-to-male), allowing them to tell their stories, including the lifelong struggle to come to terms with their gender dysphoria, how this mind/body conflict has affected their everyday behavior, and the impact of hormone therapy and sex-change surgery on their lives.

The film also includes revealing interviews with a Muslim cleric, who explains that the majority of Iran's religious leaders consider transsexuality to be a human rights issue and therefore support gender reassignment surgery; a psychiatrist, who explains the difference between homosexuality and transsexuality and how the condition cannot be cured psychologically; and a surgeon, who discusses the nature and the difficulties of the required surgery.

INSIDE OUT also documents daily activities of the three individuals, showing how they are coming to terms with their new identities and the related emotional and physical transformations. These difficulties clearly pale compared to their former agony. As Maria, a 44-year-old father and former truck driver, states, 'Only a person who has felt this pain can understand it.' Thanks to this sensitive and insightful documentary, however, the rest of us can begin to understand the nature of this serious but still little-understood condition.

'Tells a remarkable and fascinating story...revealing and at times very poignant.'-Leonardo Digital Reviews

'Will amaze and delight! A warm and personal portrait. [It] flies in the face of stereotypical views of Iranian religious and social attitudes and will serve to humanize Iranian society for many Western viewers. Fascinating!'-Professor William O. Beeman, Brown University, Author of The Great Satan vs. The Mad Mullahs

'[The film] focuses more on the shared humanity of the characters and handles a taboo subject with sensitivity and sympathy. The sense of entrapment permeating the film is especially poignant.'-Jamsheed Akrami, Professor of Film, William Patterson University

'Recommended! Surprising and illuminating.'-Educational Media Reviews Online


** 2007 Society for Visual Anthropology/AAA Film Festival
** 2007 American Psychological Association Convention
** 2007 Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting
** 2006 Tribeca International Film Festival


Main credits

Shayesteh, Zohreh (Director)
Shayesteh, Zohreh (Producer)
Nasseri, Nersi (Producer)

Other credits

Edited and co-produced by Rabeah Ghaffari; camera/sound, Farzin Khosroshahi; music composed and performed by Andre Fratto.

Distributor credits

A Film by Zohreh Shayesteh

Docuseek2 subjects

Gender and Sexuality
Gay and Lesbian Studies
Cultural and Ethnic Studies
Family Issues
Transgender and Transexual Studies
Middle East Studies

Distributor subjects

Cultural Anthropology
Cultural Studies
Family Relations
Gay Studies
Gender Studies
Human Sexuality
Middle East
Sex and Sexuality


Zohreh Shayesteh; Transsexuals; Islamic Republic of Iran; Iran; Muslim; Transsexuality; human rights issue; gender reassignment surgery; psychiatrist; Homosexuality; Marriage; film; video; documentary; dvd; GLBT; LGBT; sex change; Iranian; sexuality issues; "Inside Out"; Icarus Films;

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