Distributor:  Icarus Films
Length:  45 minutes
Date:  1997
Genre:  Expository
Language:  English
Grade level: 10-12, College, Adult
Color/BW:  Color
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The Last Angel of History

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An engaging and searing examination of the hitherto unexplored relationships between Pan-African culture, science fiction, intergalactic travel, and rapidly progressing computer technology.

The Last Angel of History

John Akomfrah, director of Seven Songs of Malcolm X , returns with an engaging and searing examination of the hitherto unexplored relationships between Pan-African culture, science fiction, intergalactic travel, and rapidly progressing computer technology.

This cinematic essay posits science fiction (with tropes such as alien abduction, estrangement, and genetic engineering) as a metaphor for the Pan-African experience of forced displacement, cultural alienation, and otherness.

Akomfrah's analysis is rooted in an exploration of the cultural works of Pan-African artists, such as funkmaster George Clinton and his Mothership Connection , Sun Ra's use of extraterrestrial iconography, and the very explicit connection drawn between these issues in the writings of black science fiction authors Samuel R. Delaney and Octavia Butler.

Included are interviews with black cultural figures, from musicians DJ Spooky, Goldie, and Derek May, who discuss the importance of George Clinton to their own music, to George Clinton himself. Astronaut Dr. Bernard A. Harris Jr. describes his experiences as one of the first African-Americans in space, while Star Trek actress Nichelle Nichols tells of her campaign for a greater role for African-Americans in NASA. Novelist Ismael Reed and cultural critics Greg Tate and Kodwo Eshun tease out the parallels between black life and science fiction, while Delaney and Butler discuss the motivations behind their choice of the genre to express ideas about the black experience.

In keeping with the futuristic tenor of the film, the interviews are intercut with images of Pan-African life from different periods of history, jumping between time and space from the past to the future to the present, not unlike the mode of many rock videos or surfing the Internet.

'The playfulness and intellectual virtuosity of the film transcends its surface gloss, to become a kaleidoscopic celebration of the richness of Pan-African culture.'-Jeffrey Skoller, School of the Art Institute, Chicago, for Afterimage

'A compelling vision of futurism in black society.'-Dallas Observer

'A 45-minute meditation on black consciousness whose dense, almost chaotic weave of images and ideas offers space travel and science fiction as metaphors for the experience of the African diaspora.'-Chicago Reader


** 2001 African Literature Association Film Festival


Main credits

Akomfrah, John (film director)
Gopaul, Lina (film producer)
Johnson, Avril (film producer)
Clinton, George (on-screen participant)
Eshun, Kodwo (on-screen participant)
May, Derrick (on-screen participant)
Corbett, John (on-screen participant)
Harris, Bernard (on-screen participant)
Nichols, Nichelle (on-screen participant)
Atkins, Juan (on-screen participant)
DJ Spooky That Subliminal Kid (on-screen participant)
Tate, Greg (on-screen participant)
Mathison, Trevor (composer)

Other credits

Camera, David Scott; music, Trevor Mathison; editor, Justin Amsden.

Distributor credits

A Film by John Akomfrah

Docuseek2 subjects

African-American Studies
American Studies
Cultural and Ethnic Studies
Science Fiction
American (U.S.) Studies

Distributor subjects

American Studies
Cultural Studies
Media Studies
Science Fiction


John; Akomfrah; George; Clinton; Sun Ra; Octavia; Butler; Samuel Delaney; science fiction; science; fiction; Pan-African; black; diaspora; culture; documentary; film; video; "The Last Angel of History"; Icarus Films

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